Overuse Injuries of the Foot and Ankle

1 AMA PRA Category 1/ 1 BOC – Category A
Section CEUs: 1 CEU

Presenter Bio: Domenic Esposito, MD and Sonya Ahmed, MD; Orthopaedic Surgeon

Disclosure: Neither the speakers or planners of this activity have any relevant relationships with commercial interests to disclose.

Materials: Participants have no equipment or materials required to take this education course.

Extensive amount of exercise and physical activity often lead to overuse of the foot and ankle complex. Overuse can be described as repetitive trauma, general “wear and tear”, or “misuse” of the foot/ankle including excessive pronation or varus/valgus knees. Overusing this area of the body often causes foot and ankle pathologies that can hinder quality of life. Clinical examination is critical in diagnosing pathologies of the foot, specifically plantar fasciitis. The recommended treatment for plantar fasciitis includes surgical and non-surgical options. Forefoot pain can be caused by several factors and it is important for the physician to recognize these pathologies and diagnose accordingly. Overuse of the foot and ankle can also lead to stress fractures in this area. This should be considered when working with individuals with a high physical activity level.


The purpose of this presentation is to discuss the common overuse pathologies of the foot/ankle. To discuss history, anatomy, exam, imaging and treatment modalities, and to also discuss surgical options and indications.


Describe the overuse pathologies of the foot and ankle and their underlying mechanisms
Explain both surgical and non-surgical treatment options for pathologies of the foot/ankle complex
Recognize improper mechanics of the foot/ankle and how this can cause pain from overuse

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This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Florida Medical Association. The Florida Medical Association is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.   

Baptist Health Care is accredited by the Florida Medical Association to sponsor continuing medical education for physicians.

Baptist Health Care designates this activity for a maximum of 1 hour(s) in AMA PRA Category 1 creditsTM. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Andrews Research & Education Foundation (BOC AP# P10024) is approved by the Board of Certification, Inc. to provide continuing education to Athletic Trainers. This program is eligible for a maximum of 1 of Category A hours/CEUs. ATs should claim only those hours actually spent in the educational program.